Maize is a tall annual herbage plant reaching 3 meters height. Maize is grown for obtaining cobs with edible seeds. It is the most important grain after wheat and rice.

Maize is one of the most important cereal and feed crops. Maize grain is characterized by high feeding qualities. It contains about 10.5% of protein, 66% of nitrogen-free extractives, 6.5% of fat, 1.5% of ashes, 2.5% of fiber, 14-15% of water, as well as vitamins.

Maize grain is a concentrated feed for all farm animals. The nutritional value of 1 kg of grain equals to 1.34 of feed unit and contains 78g of digestible protein.

Maize grain is rich in fat and starch. Yellow-colored maize contains more carotene. Maize meal because of its gluten-low content cannot be used for baking bread but as an admixture to wheat and rye flour is successfully used for the production of bread and confectionery.

Various cereals, starch, treacle, beer, alcohol, synthetic rubber, sugar syrup, cornflakes and many other products are obtained from maize (its output is up to 64%).